Cholesterol is a fatty compound found in the fats in your blood and is an important component of human health, but high levels of cholesterol in blood are linked to risk of cardiovascular disease.
Some cholesterol is produced naturally in your body, while some is a product of cholesterol and saturated fat in your diet. Cholesterol is generally referred to in terms of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) cholesterol, or bad cholesterol, and high-density lipoproteins (HDL) cholesterol, or good cholesterol. Generally, total cholesterol below 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg per DL) is considered desirable, with LDL levels below 130 mg per DL. Similarly, an HDL cholesterol of 60 mg per DL is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease. Here you will find information on lifestyle, diet and other changes that may help lower your cholesterol.
Who has high cholesterol?
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 71 million American adults, or 33.5% of American adults have high LDL, or “bad,” cholesterol. Because high cholesterol itself does not have any symptoms, many people don't know they have high cholesterol until their doctor requests a blood test. Of the many factors can affect cholesterol, some of them such as heredity, age and gender, are out of your control. For example, as you age, your risk of having high cholesterol increases. Men over the age of 45 and women over the age of 55 are at increased risk of high cholesterol and heart disease. Also, family history plays a role in risk of high cholesterol. However, diet, weight and exercise are factors that can affect your cholesterol that you can control.
A diet that consists of food that is high in saturated fat and cholesterol can increase cholesterol levels in your blood. A diet low in saturated fat and cholesterol is a great first step to controlling your cholesterol. There are also foods that are linked to helping lower LDL cholesterol and increasing HDL cholesterol in your blood. Adding some of these foods to your diet has been linked to improved cholesterol levels for some people.
Losing weight, if you are overweight, can help lower your total LDL cholesterol levels and increase your HDL cholesterol.
A regular exercise regimen can increase your HDL cholesterol while lowering your LDL cholesterol. The American Heart Association recommends 30 minutes of physical activity most days of the week. In addition to lifestyle changes to lower your cholesterol, including eating a diet low in saturated fat and cholesterol, losing weight, and exercise, there are other steps you can take to lower your cholesterol.
Statin drugs can be prescribed by your doctor and are used to lower cholesterol levels and help prevent cardiovascular disease. Statin drugs work by inhibiting the HMG-CoA reductase enzyme that produces cholesterol. Statin drugs can deplete your body of CoQ10 and Ubiquinol, so if you're taking or considering taking statins to help manage your cholesterol, talk to your doctor about taking a Ubiquinol supplement.
Niacin, fib rates, bile acid sequestrates, and intestinal absorption blockers are alternatives to statin drugs that may help lower your cholesterol.
Fish oil and soluble fiber supplements have been linked to lower cholesterol levels and are often incorporated with healthy diet as part of a heart healthy lifestyle.